Salt Agreement Signed

This agreement paved the way for further discussions on international cooperation and the limitation of nuclear weapons, as seen by both the SALT II Treaty and the 1973 Washington Summit. The text of the SALT II Treaty and the Protocol, as signed in Vienna, is accompanied by a series of joint agreements and agreements, also signed by President Carter and Secretary General Brezhnev, preceded by the fact that Nixon was proud to have reached an agreement through his diplomatic capabilities that his predecessors were unable to reach. Nixon and Kissinger planned to link arms control to détente and other pressing issues through what Nixon called the “link.” David Tal argues that, ultimately, as negotiated, the SALT II Treaty set limits on the number of strategic launchers (i.e. missiles capable of being equipped with several independent [mirvs] re-entry vehicles), with the aim of postponing the time when both sides` land-based ICBM systems become vulnerable to attacks by these missiles. The number of MIRVed ICBMs, MIRVed SLBMs, heavy (i.e. long-range) bombers and the total number of strategic launchers were limited. The treaty set a total limit of about 2,400 of all these weapons systems for each side. The SALT II Treaty was signed in Vienna on 18 June 1979 by Presidents Jimmy Carter and Brezhnev and submitted shortly thereafter for ratification by the US Senate. But renewed tension between the superpowers prompted Carter to withdraw the Senate treaty in January 1980, after the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan. However, the United States and the Soviet Union voluntarily complied with the weapons limits agreed in SALT II in subsequent years. Meanwhile, the new negotiations that began in 1982 in Geneva between the two superpowers have been called the Strategic Arms Reduction Talks (START). Strategic Arms Limitation Talks (SALT), negotiations between the United States and the Soviet Union to limit the manufacture of strategic missiles capable of carrying nuclear weapons. The first agreements, known as SALT I and SALT II, were signed in 1972 and 1979 by the United States and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics and aimed to limit the arms race of strategic (long-range or intercontinental) nuclear-armed ballistic missiles.

For the first time proposed by U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson in 1967, strategic arms limitation talks were agreed by the two superpowers in the summer of 1968, and in November 1969 comprehensive negotiations began. In this context, negotiations continued to resolve the remaining disputes at several levels.

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