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Tripoli Agreement

After more than 17 years of painstaking negotiations with the Philippine government (1996-2013), MILF appeared to have reached several peace agreements, including a new Tripoli agreement, signed in 2006. All agreements that have brought progressive benefits to MILF can be included in two important agreements: the Bangsamoro Framework Agreement (FAB) signed in 2012 and the Comprehensive Bangsamoro Agreement (CAB), signed two years later in 2014. The CAB has incorporated all the provisions not implemented into previous agreements, including the provisions of the VPA and the original Tripoli agreement. The 1976 Tripoli Agreement was signed on 23 December 1976 in Tripoli, Libya, by Carmelo Z. Barbero, representing the Philippine government, and Nur Misuari of the Moro National Liberation Front. [1] The agreement established autonomous administrative units for Muslims in the southern Philippines, the formation of an autonomous government, the Sharia justice system and special security forces, and compliance with a ceasefire. [2] The autonomous region should have its own economic system, including an Islamic bank. [3] The agreement was reached at the end of a mini-summit in Tripoli, Libya, under the aegis of Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi. Prior to the meeting, Chadian Foreign Minister Ahmad Allam-Mi, Sudanese Foreign Minister Lam Akol and Libyan Foreign Minister Abdel Rahman Shalgham[2] participated in a two-day preparatory meeting to reduce the extent of disagreements before heads of state meet to elaborate the details. Under the leadership of Fidel V. Ramos, the government and MNLF signed the final peace agreement in Jakarta, Indonesia, in 1996. [11] He allowed qualified MNLF members to join the Philippine Armed Forces and the Philippine National Police and founded the Southern Philippines Council for Peace and Development, dominated by the MNLF.

Misuari then ran for governor of the ARMM. [12] In 1997, Ramos and Misuari won the peace agreement at the Felix Houphouét-Boigny Peace Prize. [13] The Tripoli Agreement, which not only provided for the first autonomous region of Mindanao, symbolized the highly indeterminate, permanent and circular nature of the Mindanao peace process. The agreement also marked the beginning of the internationalization of internal conflict resolution in the Philippines, an abandonment of the so-called ASEAN (Association of South Asian Nations) convention on non-interference in the internal conflicts of member states.

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